Saturday , October 20 2018
Home / Android / Android Broadcast Receivers Example

Android Broadcast Receivers Example

Broadcast Receivers simply respond to broadcast messages from other applications or from the system itself. These messages are sometime called events or intents. For example, applications can also initiate broadcasts to let other applications know that some data has been downloaded to the device and is available for them to use, so this is broadcast receiver who will intercept this communication and will initiate appropriate action.

There are following two important steps to make BroadcastReceiver works for the system broadcasted intents −

  • Creating the Broadcast Receiver.
  • Registering Broadcast Receiver

System broadcasts

Event Description
Intent.ACTION_BOOT_COMPLETED Boot completed. Requires the android.permission.RECEIVE_BOOT_COMPLETEDpermission.
Intent.ACTION_POWER_CONNECTED Power got connected to the device.
Intent.ACTION_POWER_DISCONNECTED Power got disconnected to the device.
Intent.ACTION_BATTERY_LOW Triggered on low battery. Typically used to reduce activities in your app which consume power.
Intent.ACTION_BATTERY_OKAY Battery status good again.

Broadcasting Custom Intents

If you want your application itself should generate and send custom intents then you will have to create and send those intents by using the sendBroadcast()method inside your activity class. If you use the sendStickyBroadcast(Intent)method, the Intent is sticky, meaning the Intent you are sending stays around after the broadcast is complete.

public void broadcastIntent(View view)
{
Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(“com.w2class.CUSTOM_INTENT”);
sendBroadcast(intent);
}

This intent com.w2class.CUSTOM_INTENT can also be registered in similar way as we have regsitered system generated intent.

<application
android:icon=”@drawable/ic_launcher”
android:label=”@string/app_name”
android:theme=”@style/AppTheme” >
<receiver android:name=”MyReceiver”>

<intent-filter>
<action android:name=”com.w2class.CUSTOM_INTENT”>
</action>
</intent-filter>

</receiver>
</application>

Example

This example will explain you how to create BroadcastReceiver to intercept custom intent. Once you are familiar with custom intent, then you can program your application to intercept system generated intents.

1) MainActivity.java

package com.example.My Application;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.view.View;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
}

@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.activity_main, menu);
return true;
}

// broadcast a custom intent.
public void broadcastIntent(View view){
Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(“com.w2class.CUSTOM_INTENT”);
sendBroadcast(intent);
}
}

2) MyReceiver.java

package com.example.My Application;

import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MyReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
@Override
public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
Toast.makeText(context, “Intent Detected.”, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}
}

3) AndroidManifest.xml

<manifest xmlns:android=”http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android”
package=”com.example.My Application”
android:versionCode=”1″
android:versionName=”1.0″ >

<uses-sdk
android:minSdkVersion=”8″
android:targetSdkVersion=”22″ />

<application
android:icon=”@drawable/ic_launcher”
android:label=”@string/app_name”
android:theme=”@style/AppTheme” >

<activity
android:name=”.MainActivity”
android:label=”@string/title_activity_main” >

<intent-filter>
<action android:name=”android.intent.action.MAIN” />
<category android:name=”android.intent.category.LAUNCHER”/>
</intent-filter>

</activity>

<receiver android:name=”MyReceiver”>

<intent-filter>
<action android:name=”com.w2class.CUSTOM_INTENT”>
</action>
</intent-filter>

</receiver>

</application>
</manifest>

4) activity_main.xml

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android=”http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android”
xmlns:tools=”http://schemas.android.com/tools” android:layout_width=”match_parent”
android:layout_height=”match_parent” android:paddingLeft=”@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin”
android:paddingRight=”@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin”
android:paddingTop=”@dimen/activity_vertical_margin”
android:paddingBottom=”@dimen/activity_vertical_margin” tools:context=”.MainActivity”>

<TextView
android:id=”@+id/textView1″
android:layout_width=”wrap_content”
android:layout_height=”wrap_content”
android:text=”Example of Broadcast”
android:layout_alignParentTop=”true”
android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true”
android:textSize=”30dp” />

<TextView
android:id=”@+id/textView2″
android:layout_width=”wrap_content”
android:layout_height=”wrap_content”
android:text=”Tutorials point ”
android:textColor=”#ff87ff09″
android:textSize=”30dp”
android:layout_above=”@+id/imageButton”
android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true”
android:layout_marginBottom=”40dp” />

<Button
android:layout_width=”wrap_content”
android:layout_height=”wrap_content”
android:id=”@+id/button2″
android:text=”Broadcast Intent”
android:onClick=”broadcastIntent”
android:layout_below=”@+id/imageButton”
android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true” />

</RelativeLayout>

5) res/values/strings.xml

<resources>
<string name=”menu_settings”>Settings</string>
<string name=”title_activity_main”>My Application</string>
</resources>

Preview:-

broadcast_custom_intent

Preview on button click :-  Now to broadcast our custom intent, let’s click on Broadcast Intent button, this will broadcast our custom intent “com.tutorialspoint.CUSTOM_INTENT” which will be intercepted by our registered BroadcastReceiver i.e. MyReceiver and as per our implemented logic a toast will appear on the bottom of the the simulator as follows −

broadcast_custom_intent1

 

About admin

Check Also

Android Activity Launch Modes

Launch mode is an instruction for Android OS which specifies how the activity should be ...

Leave a Reply